i) Subcultural Resistance
There are many ways to argue whether or not something is a subculture. Writer and sociologist of culture Sarah Thornton creates a list of essentials that the average subcultures need to be deemed a subculture, the first being Subcultural Resistance. Subcultural Resistance can come in many forms. There can be resistance within the subculture or disagreement with members of another subculture.
Moral Panic was the initial act of subcultural resistance. In the mid 1980s, Sneakers were the most sought after fashion accessory for most inner-city kids. In the 80s and 90s they were so sought after that kid rob other kids for their sneakers. It became a serious issue, that made it to the cover an Issue of Sports Illustrated in 1990 and made headlines several times. So with all these kids robing each other for their sneakers, the earliest sneaker collectors were thieves and criminals who obtained their sneakers in bad ways. 1985, Amateur hip hop artist Gerald Deas, best known as Dr. Deas wrote a song entitled “Felon Shoes” (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wBE7gYbe6I) that described the people who wore sneakers as felons.
Popular Hip Hop Trio Run Dmc, who were big fans and collectors of Adidas Superstars Saw this attack and contested this song with a song of their own entitled “My Adidas” where challenged Dr. Deas song by saying things like “They are not used as Felon Shoes”, “I wore my sneakers but I’m not a sneak” and “No shoe string in ’em, I did not win ’em / I bought em off the Ave with the tags still in ’em”.
Later on in 2003, Moral panic ensues after Sneaker Riot in Manhattan’s lower east side. In 2003 Nike released a ultra rare Nike Pigeon SB Dunk with 150 pairs available and were only made available in select New York boutiques. The very last 35 pairs of the shoe were being released at Jeff’s Staple Boutique “Reed Space” in Manhattan’s lower east side. Jeff Staple was the owner and designer of the shoe and was releasing a even rarer version of his show with his insignia laser etched into the shoe. People who knew about this shoe being released camped out outside of Staple’s store for several days to get an opportunity to buy the shoe. Police arrived on the morning of the day of the release and saw a large crowd of 200 people waiting to get this shoe and asked everyone to leave since they “assembling illegally”. The crowd refuses since many of the members had been camping out for more than two days and a riot results. 35 people got shoes that day but at great danger from rioting mobs and near by thieves that heard about the event. For the first time ever moral panic comes from the lifestyle of a sneaker collector and dangers of hunting for shoes.
The second form of communication that Thorton discusses is fanzines. Fanzines do exist in sneaker culture but are very rare since sneaker culture is mostly Internet based now. “Sneaker Freaker” was a considered a zine at one time but has picked up steam and become a full-blown publication now. Sole Collector magazine is another magazine that derived from sneaker culture. For the most part sneaker culture has been internet based with forum like ISS, Sole Collector forum, and Niketalk. Websites that sold rare sneakers have become a place for appraisal and information on rare shoes. Vintage Kicks (now known as FlightclubLa and Flightclubny) has been the source for finding how much certain shoes were worth, what an authentic (rather than fake) looks like, what the market looks like for certain brands, and to see new shoes. Vintage Kicks early on in 2005 was considered too expensive for most collectors but a useful tool and now Vintage kicks updated so much on the information aspect of their site that you can see graphs and tables on trends in sales and prices or certain shoes. (see: http://www.flightclub.com/g.php?fc=la&c=sb&i=080146)Vintage kicks prices are still overpriced today. Most collectors go to pickyourshoes.com and napsize.com for their sneaker needs if they decide not to camp out.
People Licking the bottom of their shoes??
This trend started in the sneaker community to show that you never wore a shoe
Simply because you had too many. Fat Joe was considered the person to start this trend.
Nelly’s Air force ones was a popular song from 2003 about collecting Air Force ones.
One of the few songs about shoes. Korn Made a song called A.D.I.D.A.S which had nothing to do with shoes
Just for kicks in its entirety.
In terms or artwork, some sneakerheads produced artwork that could be viewed in a professional setting. Modern Sneakerheads created artwork that could be shown in galleries or in design portfolios, but before the gallery and portfolios were custom shoes. Sneakers were a blank canvas to sneakerheads. By painting all white air force ones sneakers were transformed into pieces of art that could be worn so the whole world could see a masterpiece. The most renowned sneaker customizers are Sabotage (Sbtg) and Tangible Thoughts. Tangible Thoughts typically painted famous people on sneakers, like Tupac and Scarface, while Sabotage was a little more abstract and focused on composition.
Slang used by sneakerheads:
Heat: A sneaker or collection of sneakers of particular rarity that is verging on grail Status. Ex: “Yo, I heard this nigga Jamal got heat, Let’s rob him.”
Hypebeast: A person that follows a style led by hype and popular culture with means to grab ones attention. A trend follower with a limited mindset. Ex: Chris brown.
Putting Shoes on Ice: To save shoes for so they would remain in new condition years from the day they were purchased and would appreciate in value.
Jays: Jordans abbrievated.
Foams: Foamposites condensed.
Retro: An original colorway of particular shoe re-reissued.
Breaking necks: Strain on one’s neck when said person turns to look at some ones shoes.
Acronyms commonly used by Sneakerheads
DS or VNDS: DeadStock or Very Near Deadstock (New and Like New)
OG: Original (vs. Retro). Deviation of “Original Gangster ”
AF1: Short for Nike Air Force Ones (also known as Forces and Uptowns)
SB: Skateboarding (In terms of the Nike Skateboarding Line)
GR: General (opposed to Sb)
AM: Short Air Max
The participants are sneaker enthusiasts, generally under the age or 40. The trend originally started in the late 1970s with inner city male adolescents (mainly minorities) trying to establish street legitimacy and a sense of status. The modern sneaker culture that exists today includes all races and both men and women and a variety of age groups, but has mainly been led by the youth looking for status like the sneaker collectors that came before them, but now it has become more of a lifestyle of hunting as well as collecting.
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